The world‘s first aircraft with a serial hybrid electric drive system

Siemens hat mit Partnern das weltweit erste Flugzeug mit seriell-hybridem Elektroantrieb gebaut. Den zweisitzigen Motorsegler „DA36 E-Star“ zeigen Siemens, Diamond Aircraft und EADS jetzt auf der Pariser Luftfahrtausstellung Le Bourget 2011 (bis 26. Juni) in täglichen Flugvorführungen. Das Flugzeug ist ein Erprobungsträger für ein hybrid-elektrisches Antriebskonzept. Diese Technologie soll langfristig auch in großen Luftfahrzeugen zur Anwendung kommen. Damit sollen künftig im Vergleich zu den derzeitig effizientesten Technologien 25 Prozent an Kraftstoff und Emissionen eingespart werden.

Der Motorsegler auf der Basis einer HK36 Super Dimona von Diamond Aircraft ist weltweit einzigartig. Das Flugzeug nutzt als integrierten Antriebsstrang erstmals einen so genannten seriell-hybriden Elektroantrieb, der bislang nur bei Kraftfahrzeugen eingesetzt wird: Ein 70 Kilowatt Elektromotor von Siemens treibt den Propeller an. Den Strom liefert ein kleiner Wankelmotor von Austro Engine mit angeschlossenem Generator. Da der Verbrennungsmotor stets gleichmäßig und bei niedriger Leistung von 30 Kilowatt läuft, ist der Benzinverbrauch sehr gering. In der Start- und Steigflugphase liefert ein Batteriesystem von EADS die nötige zusätzliche Leistung. Im Reiseflug wird der Akku nachgeladen. Ein Siemens-Umrichter versorgt den Elektromotor mit Energie aus der Batterie und dem Generator. So kann das Flugzeug leise elektrisch Starten. Es hat dennoch eine große Reichweite. Bei Testflügen war die Maschine bis zu zwei Stunden in der Luft.

Im nächsten Entwicklungsschritt soll der Antriebsstrang weiter optimiert werden. Derzeit arbeiten Wissenschaftler der globalen Siemens-Forschung Corporate Technology an einem neuen Elektromotor, der fünf Mal so leicht wie herkömmliche Antriebe sein soll. In rund zwei Jahren soll ein weiterer Flugzeugtyp mit dem ultraleichten Elektroantrieb ausgestattet werden. Die Siemens-Division Drive Technologies hat integrierte elektrische Antriebsstränge bereits in anderen Bereichen, etwa in Schiffsantrieben, eingesetzt. Das dadurch gesammelte Know-how wird nun auch in der Luftfahrtindustrie angewendet. In Kombination mit dem passenden Produktportfolio lassen sich die Komponenten des Antriebsstrangs optimal aufeinander einstellen.

Rund 2,2 Prozent des weltweiten CO2-Ausstoßes entfallen auf den Luftverkehr. Auch Flugzeuge müssen daher vor allem effizienter werden. Die Technologie soll zunächst bei kleinen Flugzeugen weiter erprobt werden, langfristig soll dieser Antrieb auch bei großen Luftfahrzeugen zum Einsatz kommen

Siemens AG, Diamond Aircraft and EADS are set to present the world‘s first aircraft with a serial hybrid electric drive system at the Paris Air Show Le Bourget 2011. The two-seater motor glider successfully completed its maiden flight on June 8 at the Wiener Neustadt airfield in Vienna, Austria. The aircraft was built by the three partners to test the hybrid electric drive concept. In the future, the technology, which is intended for later use also in large-scale aircraft, will cut fuel consumption and emissions by 25 percent, compared to today‘s most efficient aircraft drives.
The world’s first series hybrid electric plane DA36 E-Star

Electromobility is now making inroads into the world of aircraft. The technology of the series hybrid electric drive is scalable and will be used in small and medium-sized aircraft and, in the medium term, larger planes. It will make aviation greener.

Air traffic accounts for some 2.2 percent of CO2 emissions worldwide. For this reason, aircraft, too, must become more efficient. One possible solution – which Siemens and its partners Diamond Aircraft and EADS are testing in the DA36 E-Star motor glider – is to electrify the drive system.

„A serial hybrid electric drive can be scaled for a wide range of uses, making it highly suitable for aircraft as well,“ said Dr. Frank Anton, the initiator of electric aircraft development at Siemens. „The first thing we want to do is test the technology in small aircraft. In the long term, however, the drive system will also be used in large-scale aircraft. We want to cut fuel consumption and emissions by 25 percent, compared to today‘s most efficient technologies. This will make air travel more sustainable.“

The motor glider, which is based on Diamond Aircraft‘s HK36 Super Dimona, is the only aircraft of its kind in the world. It is the first to use a so-called serial hybrid electric drive, which has been utilized to date only in cars, as an integrated drive train. The plane‘s propeller is powered by a 70kW electric motor from Siemens. Electricity is supplied by a small Wankel engine from Austro Engine with a generator that functions solely as a power source. A Siemens converter supplies the electric motor with power from the battery and the generator. Fuel consumption is very low since the combustion engine always runs with a constant low output of 30kW. A battery system from EADS provides the increased power required during takeoff and climb. The accumulator is recharged during the cruising phase. „The serial hybrid electric drive concept makes possible a quiet electric takeoff and a considerable reduction in fuel consumption and emission,“ said Christian Dries, the owner of Diamond Aircraft. „It also enables aircraft to cover the required long distances.“

The electric motor glider successfully completed its first flight at the Wiener Neustadt airfield in Vienna, Austria on June 8, 2011. „On the long way to hybrid electric-powered commercial aircraft, the maiden flight of the DA36 E-Star is a small step and at the same time a historic milestone,“ said Dr. Jean Botti, Chief Technical Officer and member of the Executive Committee of EADS.

The next development step will be to further optimize the entire drive train. Siemens scientists are currently working on a new electric motor that is expected to be five times lighter than conventional drives. In two years, another aircraft is expected to be equipped with an ultra-light electric drive. Siemens‘ Drive Technologies Division has already used integrated drive trains in other applications like marine drives. The knowhow gained in these areas has now been applied in the aviation industry as well. Combined with the corresponding product portfolio, the components of the drive train can be optimally adjusted to one another.

The DA36 E-Star will be exhibited at the Paris Air Show Le Bourget in a flight demonstration every day from June 20 to June 26, 2011.

Press pictures are available at www.siemens.com/presspictures/electricaircraft

Siemens AG (Berlin and Munich) is a global powerhouse in electronics and electrical engineering, operating in the industry, energy and healthcare sectors. For over 160 years, Siemens has stood for technological excellence, innovation, quality, reliability and internationality. The company is the world‘s largest provider of environmental technologies. More than one-third of its total revenue stems from green products and solutions. In fiscal 2010, which ended on September 30, 2010, revenue from continuing operations (excluding Osram and Siemens IT Solutions and Services) totaled €69 billion and net income from continuing operations €4.3 billion. At the end of September 2010, Siemens had around 336,000 employees worldwide on the basis of continuing operations. Further information is available on the Internet at: http://www.siemens.com.

Press release: Siemens

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